Supply Chain Management for Environmental Improvement
Evaluation and Certification of Suppliers
In efforts to green their supply chain, some customers may require key suppliers, or all suppliers, to meet certain standards in their operations and practices. Some stipulate that suppliers meet equivalent standards to their own, while others implementation of a formal environmental management system (EMS) or certification to an existing industry or environmental standard.
Once standards and requirements are in place, there are different mechanisms of validating the supplier is meeting those requirements. In some cases, completed questionnaires from the supplier, or other written documentation is proof enough for the customer. Other evaluation methods may include inspection of goods received, onsite evaluations or assessments of suppliers, certification to an ecolabelling program, auditing per International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards 14010 and 14011, or other protocols for monitoring and validating supplier operations.
Suggestions for Evaluating Suppliers for Environmental Management and Environmental Business Practices
Determine how to verify suppliers and contractors are meeting your environmental requirements
If you (or third-party auditors) evaluate suppliers, develop or adopt evaluation procedures and methods based on the established criteria
Determine level of evaluation for different suppliers
Example: Only evaluate strategic suppliers or sole source suppliers, or develop other criteria to trigger evaluation of a supplier. Bristol-Myers Squibb determines when and whether an evaluation is warranted depending on the extent of involvement in the operations of the contractor or supplier, and the nature of the supplier's operations.
Develop evaluation or certification schedules
Examples: How often will you evaluate suppliers/contractors?
Determine a policy and plan for suppliers and contractors that do not meet the criteria